Ubuntu Linux for beginners and experts. An Ubuntu community with support forums and more.

Someone already tested Ubuntu 5.10 (Colony CD 4)?

Hi there,

I heard a lot of positive things about the upcoming Ubuntu version 5.10 (expected to be released in October), but I never tested it personally. Does someone already run the newest beta of Ubuntu 5.10? What experiences have you made? What is different?

It would be very interesting for many people from all over the world, if someone could describe his/her experiences on this site (just create a new user, log in and run your own blog). Thank you! :)

How to add Universe and Multiverse repository

Important note: Most of the howtos in this forum need the Universe and Multiverse repositories to be enabled.

By default, Ubuntu does not enable the Universe and Multiverse repositories. But they include some important programs and codecs, so it is highly recommended to activate them. There may also be non-Ubuntu sources that you might wish to add to your Ubuntu machine.

The repositories (of apt) are stored in a file called /etc/apt/sources.list

First you should create a backup of your existing sources.list file:
sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup

Next you edit the sources.list file with an editor like GEdit.
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

There is an incode documentation. Uncomment everything you need, especially the universe and multiverse repositories.

How to play restricted formats with Ubuntu (multimedia codecs)

Prerequisites: add universe and multiverse repositories.

What are restricted formats?

These are non-Free formats and tools, well-known from the Win32 world. The most important ones are Java, MP3, Windows Media, Real Media, RealPlayer, DVD-video, Macromedia Flash, AAC and iTunes Music Store and some other Video and Audio Codecs.
All of them are not included within the Ubuntu standard installation. You have to install them manually.

How to install the restricted formats?

You can install the codecs with the following commands:
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-plugins
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-lame
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-ffmpeg
sudo apt-get install w32codecs

Interesting Ubuntu bookmarks

del.icio.us, one of the biggest websites offering social bookmarking, has a tag for ubuntu.
That means by surfing to http://del.icio.us/tag/ubuntu you can see Ubuntu related bookmarks, which have been set by other people. There can always be found something interesting, so it's worth having a look.

Ubuntu will soon play Windows Media files (WMV9)

A Norwegian programmer called Jon Johansen, also knows as DVD Jon, has developed a tool for removing some encoding surrounding the Windows Media Player, in order to give open-source media players a chance to access the streams.
Therefore it will soon be possible to play Windows Media (WMV9) files with the VideoLAN Client (VLC). Here's a
instruction for compiling VLC with VC-1 (WMV9) support (especially for Ubuntu Breezy) by Jon Johansen. For further information check the ZDnet news site.

How to change the root password in Ubuntu

As default Ubuntu has no password set for the root user. To gain root access you have to type in your own user password. This is the password you set for the first user while installing Ubuntu.

To manually set a password for the root user, type in the following in the shell:
sudo passwd

After that you are asked to type in the new root password twice. Finally, your root user has its own password.

Ubuntu Lite: Ubuntu power for slow machines

There is a new distribution based on Ubuntu under development which is called Ubuntu Lite. The idea of Ubuntu Lite is to bring the power of Ubuntu across to the users of legacy systems.
So not just to make a small linux as this has been done before (Puppy Linux, Damn Small linux, the Rule Project). Nor to make a usable linux based desktop Operating system (that has been done with Ubuntu Linux, Beatrix). The idea is to bring the power of Ubuntu to the typical users of legacy hardware.

There are three core aims of the Ubuntu Lite Project:

1. easily used by people with minimal computer skills
2. usable on a resurrected system
3. able to satisfy a typical users requirement of applications and functionality

If you run older computer hardware, just give it a try!

How to install an Ubuntu-Desktop on low memory systems

Ubuntu installs by default with the Gnome Desktop and other memory-intensive applications. So if you do not have a fast and powerful machine (Pentium 4 and 512 MB of RAM) your system will be quite slow. The following document explains the steps, how to install Ubuntu and a GUI on a low memory system, so that you can use it as a Workstation for your daily work. It is aimed to the average SOHO-user (Small Office/Home Office).

See the Ubuntu/Debian-Sarge Mini-RAM HOWTO

K3b on Kubuntu Hoary 5.04

K3b on Kubuntu Hoary 5.04

Mplayer on Kubuntu Hoary 5.04

Mplayer on Kubuntu Hoary 5.04

VMware on Kubuntu Hoary 5.04

VMware with Windows XP Sp1 on Kubuntu Hoary 5.04

Free Linux related eBooks

Access Windows and MacOS drives

There is a neat utility out there, which is capable of searching for available HFS+, NTFS and FAT32 partitions. It creates mount points for them and adds them to /etc/fstab, so they will be mounted everytime you boot.

Instructions for use:
- Download and save this file on your local hard drive as winmac_fstab
- Open a terminal and type "sudo bash winmac_fstab"
- If sudo asks for a password, use your own password
- Your windows and mac partitions will now be mounted everytime
you boot. You can delete this script now if you like (with "rm winmac_fstab")

There also exists a similar script for Samba network shares (the ones Windows uses). Download the script here

Linux Hardware Compatibility List

There exists a document where most of the hardware components (not whole computers) known to be supported or not supported under Linux are listed. So reading through this document you can choose the components for your own Linux computer and know what to avoid. As the list of components supported by Linux changes constantly, this document will never be complete.


How to install the free Microsoft truetype fonts

Prerequisites: add universe and multiverse repositories.

This posting describes how to install the Microsoft free truetype fonts, including Arial, Comic Sans, Times New Roman and many other. Many websites make extensive use of them, so it is a good idea to install them. After installation they can be used in every Gnome (or even KDE) program systemwide.

Open a terminal window and type in:
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-arabic
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-asian
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-chinese
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-chinese-big
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-european
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-japanese
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-japanese-big
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-phonetic